Tuesday, 19 June 2018

Panus lecomtei - Sikkim Fungi




Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Fungi
Division:         Basidiomycota
Class:             Agaricomycetes
Order:            Polyporales
Family:           Polyporaceae
Genus:            Panus

Binomial name: Panus lecomtei (Fr.) Corner 1981

Other Names: 

Special feature: Basionym (Previous Name) : Lentinus lecomtei Fr. 1825      @Index Fungorum

Panus Lecomtei is a fungus from a Polyporaceae family. This particular fungi was found at the cut out log of a barr tree (fiscus sp.)

Friday, 10 November 2017

Panfuti (Bryophyllum pinnatum) - Sikkim Flora



Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Plantae
Order              Saxifragales
Family:           Crassulaceae
Genus:            Bryophyllum
Species:           Bryophyllum pinnatum

Binomial name: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken

Other Names:  Air Plant, Life Plant, Cathedral Bells, Goethe Plant, Patharkuchi (Bengali), Panfuti (Maharastra)

Special feature: Bryophyllum pinnatum is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas.

The writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - who also was an amateur naturalist of some repute - was "passionately fond" of this plant and liked to give the baby plantlets as gifts to friends who visited his home. He also discussed his air plant at length in an essay titled Geschichte meiner botanischen Studien ("History of my botanical studies").

Bryophyllum pinnatum has been found to contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides. These can cause cardiac poisoning, particularly in grazing animals.

Bryophyllum pinnatum has been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago as being used as a traditional treatment for hypertension. The juice made of Bryophylum is useful for cure of kidneystones, although there is no evidence-based clinical indication for these uses in modern medicine and, indeed, such usage could prove dangerous and even fatal in some cases. (Wikipedia)

African tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata) - Sikkim Flora



Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Plantae
Family:           Bignoniaceae
Genus:            Spathodea
Species:           Spathodea campanulata

Binomial name: Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv.

Other Names:  African tuliptree, fountain tree, pichkari or Nandi flame

Special feature: Spathodea is a monotypic genus in the flowering plant family Bignoniaceae, with a single species pathodea campanulata

The tree grows between 7–25 m (23–82 ft) tall and is native to tropical dry forests of Africa. It has been nominated as among 100 of the "World's Worst" invaders.

This tree is planted extensively as an ornamental tree throughout the tropics and is much appreciated for its very showy reddish-orange or crimson (rarely yellow), campanulate flowers. The generic name comes from the Ancient Greek words σπαθη (spathe) and οιδα (oida), referring to the spathe-like calyx. It was identified by Europeans in 1787 on the Gold Coast of Africa.

The flower bud is ampule-shaped and contains water. These buds are often used by children who play with its ability to squirt the water. The sap sometimes stains yellow on fingers and clothes. The open flowers are cup-shaped and hold rain and dew, making them attractive to many species of birds. (Wikipedia)

Tuesday, 16 February 2016

Blue-fronted redstart (Phoenicurus frontalis - female) - Sikkim Bird

Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Animalia
Phylum:          Chordata
Class:             Aves
Order:            Passeriformes
Family:           Muscicapidae
Genus:            Phoenicurus
Species:           P. frontalis
Binomial name: Phoenicurus frontalis Vigors, 1832


Other Names:  The female is brownish-grey, with paler under parts. Its range includes the northern regions of the Indian Subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. (Wikipedia)

Monday, 15 February 2016

Yellow-bellied fantail (Chelidorhynx hypoxantha) - Sikkim Bird


Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Animalia
Phylum:          Chordata
Class:              Aves
Order:            Passeriformes
Family:           Stenostiridae
Genus:            Chelidorhynx Hodgson, 1844
Species:           C. hypoxantha
Binomial name: Chelidorhynx hypoxantha Blyth, 1843

Other Names:  yellow-bellied fairy-fantail

Special feature:  It is yellow below and has a black eye-stripe, white wing-bar and broad black tail tipped white.


It used to be placed in the family of the fantails (Rhipiduridae), but DNA analysis has shown it to be a close relative of the fairy flycatcher and it has therefore been transferred to the Stenostiridae (IOC World Bird List), in the re-validated monotypic genus Chelidorhynx. (Wikipedia)

Friday, 8 January 2016

Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia) - Sikkim Flora



Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Plantae
Family:           Euphorbiaceae
Genus:            Euphorbia
Species:           E. pulcherrima

Binomial name: Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch



Other Names:  Poinsettia, Christmas plant, lobster flower and the flame-leaf flower

Lalupate (Nepali)

Special feature:  The colored bracts—which are most often flaming red but can be orange, pale green, cream, pink, white, or marbled—are often mistaken for flower petals because of their groupings and colors, but are actually leaves. (Wikipedia)

Poinsettias received their name in the United States in honor of Joel Roberts Poinsett, who introduced the plant into the country in 1828. Poinsett was a botanist, physician and the first United States Ambassador to Mexico. He sent cuttings of the plant he had discovered in Southern Mexico to his home in Charleston, South Carolina. The word Poinsettia is traditionally capitalized because it is named after a person. December 12th is Poinsettia Day, which marks the death of Joel Roberts Poinsett in 1851. (extension.illinois.edu/)

.

Sunday, 3 January 2016

Garrulax ocellatus (Spotted laughingthrush) - Sikkim Bird



Scientific classification

Kingdom:       Animalia
Phylum:          Chordata
Class:             Aves
Order:            Passeriformes
Family:           Leiothrichidae
Genus:            Garrulax (disputed)
Species:          G. ocellatus

Binomial name: Garrulax ocellatus (Vigors, 1831)

Other Names: 


Special feature:  The spotted laughingthrush (Garrulax ocellatus) is a bird species in the Leiothrichidae family. In the proposed rearrangement of the laughingthrushes, it is sometimes placed in the genus Ianthocincla, as I. ocellata. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. (Wikipedia)

Panus lecomtei - Sikkim Fungi